The municipality of Bosanski Petrovac is located in the North-Western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, within Unsko-Sanski Canton of the Federation BiH. The municipality spreads over 716, 52 km2 of agricultural and forestry land (36, 39% agricultural and 63, 61% forestry). The municipality is located at an altitude of 669 m, near the towns Ključ, Bihać and Drvar.
The climate is moderate continental, influenced by the altitude. Temperature ranges from +20°C to -22°C, with the average temperature in January and December between +2°C and -2°C. Average annual precipitation is around 1200 mm, with monthly settling varying between 90 mm in February and 150 mm in November. Annual snow coverage is 40 to 60 days, while mountain grounds are usually covered with snow for up to 90 days.
According to the population census conducted before the war in 1991, the municipality had 15 600 citizens. Currently, the whole area is populated with around 8000 people. Economic activities are closely linked with natural forest resources and agricultural land mainly satisfying needs for development of farming and partially agricultural cultivation flourishing in the existent climate conditions. The municipality has recently initiated activities on physical construction of business and industrial zones at locations with well-developed communal infrastructure.
Water Supply System of the urban part of the municipality dates back to 1904, when the System Smoljana was constructed. The system currently functions with two sources of supply, namely the Gravity System – Smoljana (group of springs – Grmeč - 930m altitude) located 12 km away from the town, and System Sanica (overtake at the spring of Sanica is located at 221m altitude – a pumping system with the elevation capacity of 710m and installed pumps with 2 x 710 KWh motor power). The pipeline is 3125m long, with the gravity transition pipeline in the length of 28 km. The system was constructed between 1984 and 1991. Chlorination stations were built within the reservoir Novakovići - v = 2x100 m3, h = 729m altitude - System Smoljana, and the reservoir Bursaći - v = 2000 m3h = 719m altitude – System Sanica (Gas Chlorinators). Electromagnetic devices for measuring the water flow are installed in each reservoir.
Distribution System covers urban part of the city and surrounding settlements, with extension to the settlements Suvaja, Medeno Polje, Bjelajski Vaganac, and the Local Community of Kolunić, constructed between 2001 and 2007. The system is gravitational, except for the higher zones of the water supply System – LC Kolunić with installed pressure pumps. Between 1997 and 1999 distribution network of the town was reconstructed with DN150-DN400 mm profiles distribution rings.
Sewerage Network currently covers around 30% of the urban municipal part, the rest of the waste water system consists of leaking septic tanks. The system is gravitational – combined with direct discharge without any treatment into the natural recipient underground stream Japaga. The underground stream Japaga belongs to the watershed of the river Una with all the waste water ending via underground streams in Unac.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
Planned activities include implementation of projects related to partial reconstruction of the distribution network in the settlements and streets Dževar-Dobro selo, Ploča, Bahići, Revenik, Ulica 14. septembra (14 September Street), Ulica 5. Korpusa (5 Corps Street), and development of the systems directed to the Industrial Zone Gorinčani and settlements along the route. Additionally, special emphasis was placed on the activities on detection and reparation of damages, increase of metering levels for both extracted and distributed water (instalment of flow metering devices, water and pressure metering devices in collective residence buildings etc.). Reparation of the Telemetric Supervision and Control System and Chlorination Stations equipment is envisaged as well.
Ongoing activities include preparation of the overall reconstruction and construction of the Bosanski Petrovac Sewerage Network Project implementation – Phase I, with construction of the Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) as priority case (closed financial construction for the Phase I, with developed Main Design and Environmental Study). Activities on the preparation of Tender Documents are ongoing.
The municipality of Bosanska Krupa is one of the eight Unsko – Sanski Canton municipalities of the Federation BiH. Bosanska Krupa is located in the North-Western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina at 44° 53' 6'' northern latitude and 16° 9' 31'' eastern longitude, with the average elevation of 177 m. The municipality spreads over 561 km² of wide area by the Valley of Una River, between the mountain of Grmeč in the South and state border of Republic Croatia in the North. Through nearby traffic junctions the municipality is connected with the Western and Southern Europe.
Water Supply within the area of Bosanska Krupa municipality is secured through several water streams' overtakes, with Luke and Ada being the most significant ones, supplying around 60% of the municipal population. Average capacity of these streams is 102 l/sec.
Water source Luke consists of two exploitation wells located at the left bank of the river Una within the urban settlement Luke. Water is pumped from these wells and transferred into the 350 m3 capacity reservoir Tećija and distributed through a gravitational system and water supply pipes into the network for the left river bank part of the City. With the average water intake of 24 l/sec being enough for app 6.500 citizens there are no interruptions of distribution. Most significant problem for this high quality water source is close location of several potential pollutants positioned within the first wells protection zones. Water source Ada consists of four exploitation wells. Water from these wells is pumped and transferred into the 2000 m3 capacity city reservoir Hum and then distributed through a gravitational system into urban water supply network for the right bank river part of the city. The average of water taken from these wells is 78 l/sec. Water from the source Ada is also used for supply system of the settlement Bosanska Otoka and nearby communities. Wells used for this water source are located on a small isle on the right Una river bank, which is not permanently populated, but located in close vicinity of several sport facilities and agricultural land, all of which are potential pollutants.
Sewerage system of Bosanska Krupa consists of collectors, natural decline system, pumping station and supply line with existent mixed sewerage system constructed in the period between 1970 and 1990. Waste water is dischearged without any treatment directly into the recipient rivers Una and Krušnica (a tributary of the river Una), upstream of the main water source. Existent sewerage network is generally in poor condition and mainly consists of concrete sewerage pipelines and DN 200-1000 mm collectors. Around 30% of population from urban municipal areas are connected to combined sanitation system. 45% of the population use septic tanks while 25% of people directly discharge waste water into rivers. Most of the septic tanks used are not designed in technically sufficient manor. Almost all surface water collected from public areas are connected to urban waste water collectors. All waste waters are being directly discharged into the recipients without any prior treatment.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
Within the municipality of Bosanska Krupa there is currently one water supply project with on-going works, namely water supply project for local communities Mahmić selo, Pištaline and Jezerski. Following the finalization of project documentation development for water supply of willages under the mountain Grmeč, works will also be initiated on the municipal water supply facilities and primary secondary network project. Finalization of these two WS projects will secure public system water supply for more than 90% of Bosanska Krupa population.
With regard to municipal sewerage system, works are currently on-going on the Phase IV of Water Stream Kalender Regulation, being implemented through project GOV WADE, as part of the overall sanitation scheme in the city of Bosanska Krupa. After development of respective
Municipality of Široki Brijeg is located in the central part of Western Herzegovina and belongs to the Canton 8 of the Federation BiH, namely West Herzegovina County, representing its administrative, economic and cultural centre. Široki Brijeg is a medium size municipality occupying the area of 388 km2 with the altitude of 275m in the city centre. According to the census of 1991 the municipality used to have 27 189 inhabitants and now pursuant to overall statistical data the number of municipal population is around 30 000. Population density within the municipality is 77 people per km2.
Široki Brijeg is positioned mainly within a high karst zone, with all the characteristic karst forms, truncated spurs of torrential water-streams and karst fields. Municipal area is under the influence of Mediterranean arid climate with short rainy winters and long dry summer periods but with significant influence of continental climate as well, particularly during the winter in northern parts. Amount of annual rainfall is about 1600 mm. Precipitation is lowest in July and August (50-80 mm m.) and highest in December (255 mm). August is the hottest month with an average temperature of 21.7 ° C, while the coldest one is January (- 1.4 ° C). Average annual temperature is 11.5°C.
Široki Brijeg is the most economically developed municipality in West Herzegovina County. It is one of the most developed municipalities in Herzegovina and among medium developed municipalities in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Starting from the last decade of previous century private business within the municipality has been in rapid growth. With increased number of trade companies, major municipal business entities and at the same time holders of municipal economic development are the companies from metal-processing, meat industry and construction, with significant level of craft and other independent business entities. The number of persons in work is around 6200, with over 3500 unemployed persons. Employment rate is slightly higher than the average in FBiH. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is at the average level in FBiH (5000 KM).
Water Supply System of Široki Brijeg covers the larger part of urban and part of suburban municipal settlements. Water intake facility is located at the wellspring of the river Lištica being the point from which the water is being gravitationally transferred to the main pumping station and then taken through the pressure system onto the central Water Tank. From the water tank, the water is gravitationally distributed to the costumers. It is in the Pumping Station where the water chlorination is carried out. Construction of the water supply system was initiated in the 1930s, with extension and reconstruction works being still in progress. However, these works are not part of the WATSAN FBiH.
Sewerage system of Široki Brijeg is designed as a dividing system. Five collector zones have been designed namely as Collectors A, B, C, D and E. Total length of all waste water collectors is 61 339 m with 250 to 500 mm diameter faecal transition mains. Faecal waste water is transferred to the Waste Water Treatment Plant located downstream of the City at the lowest point within the whole system providing for a natural descend Sanitation. Storm water is taken to the recipients (Lištica and Urgovača rivers) with prior treatment conducted by grease separators which are not subject of the WATSAN FBiH Project. The exact location of these recipients will be determined within Main Design. Since the sewerage collectors' route runs through the densest populated municipal area actual construction works will have to include all other necessary segments (driveways, pavements, relocation of plumbing etc.). This project is therefore to include construction of the remaining parts of the Collectors A and B, Collector C, and priority parts of Collectors D and E. Treatment of municipal wastewater is planned to be done through a central Waste Water Treatment Plant in the capacity of 10,000 PE. The Plant is to be constructed using „turn-key“ system with Loan Funds of the Kingdom of Spain in the amount of € 1.8 million. This is not subject of the WATSAN FBiH Project. Recipient of the Plants' treated water is River Lištica downstream of the City. Recipients of storm water are Rivers Lištica and Ugrovača at the predesigned locations.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
Sewerage System: The project envisages construction of the Sewerage Collectors system, namely:
1. Collector B - phase I
The municipality of Tomislavgrad is located within the South-Western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Herzeg-Bosnian Canton. It lays at the altitude of 900 m, covering the area of 967 km2. Neighbouring municipalities of Tomislavgrad municipality are Kupres, Livno, Jablanica and Posušje. Mediterranean, continental and mountain climate all meet and interact within municipal territory, resulting in sometimes sharp and idyllic winters, with pleasant and moderately warm summers.
The number of sunny and windy days is almost equal. Tomislavgrad municipality is located in the geological zone of rubble and its entire territory belongs to the river Cetina basin. Results of municipal climatic characteristics analysis brings out conclusion about rich water resources. Calculating the average rainfall in the catchment area of about 1200 mm results with each km2 of the basin having more than 1.2 million m3 of water during an average year. However, conditions for use and protection of water are extremely unfavourable and difficult because most of total annual rainfall occurs within very short winter period and due to specific geological conditions, with karst prevailing in the highest part of the Duvno field, water is not retained but practically directly descends towards lower horizons, creating considerably difficult conditions for water operation and distribution.
According to the census of 1991, 30.009 inhabitants used to live in the municipality of Tomislavgrad, while today by some estimates this municipality is populated with approximately 27.000 inhabitants. Within the economy structure, widespread activities are trade, catering, and various craft activities. The basis of municipal economy is production, and largest municipal producer is the Cable Factory Kapis. Significant presence within municipal economy is the one of Wood Industry, which currently offers production of sawn timber without the final product. Production of building materials (blocks, gravel, sand) and food industry should also be mentioned.
According to the study conducted, Water Supply Situation in the municipality of Tomislavgrad is such that a lot of pipeline is damaged, with excessive repairs per meter, indicating bad materials (ACC tube) used and poor quality of the actual pipeline construction. Amount of un-revenue water (illegal connections) is enormous, resulting with low quality and insufficient amounts of drinking water during summer months due to penetration of water from surrounding terrain into the pipeline. Costs of electricity consumption for 1m3 of invoiced drinking water are also very high.
One of the municipal priorities is providing for the arrangement along which all municipal settlements would receive water from public water supply. To this end, aiming to realize this goal, municipality Tomislavgrad has invested significant resources within the previous period. In the final stage of the water supply system "Josip Jović", supplying the area around Buško Lake with drinking water. To date, already 95% of this area population has resolved the issue of water supply. In early 2004, pumping station "Letka" was constructed on the water supply system "Duvanjsko field" as the initial facility of the sub-system "Letka". Similarly, the municipality continued with construction of the primary pipeline following the Main Design. There are 600 households currently connected to this subsystem.
In order to gradually solve the unsustainable status quo, Tomislavgrad is to start preparing the project documentation for the construction of sewage and then works in phases. Project documentation was developed in 1982, and during 1990 and 1991, work started on the work. L was constructed around Km. the city's main collector. The work was funded by the municipality Tomislavgrad and the Republic Fund for Water Management. During 1997 and 1998, was built in 1 km main collector of the municipality and the Public Water Management Company Mostar.
To project wastewater treatment facility is planned to draft the terms of reference for the conceptual design of a device for wastewater treatment capacity 7.850ES, a major project Device for treatment will be performed as part of the development of the device for treatment.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
1. Location and shutting down illegal connections
1. Main sewerage collectors
Velika Kladusa is the city and center of the municipality in the far northwest of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is one of the eight municipalities of the Una-Sana County. According to the basic natural-geographical characteristics, the area of Velika Kladuša belongs to the Peripanon area, located between the Dinaric mountains in the southwest and the low Posavina in the north, with an average altitude of 300 to 400 m. Karstic relief forms are seen in a considerable number of sinkholes, abysses and caves still unexplored. The area of the municipality belongs entirely to the Glina River Basin, a tributary of the Kupa River, open to the north through the valleys of the rivers Kladušnica and Glinica. The municipality is extremely rich in preserved natural sources of drinking water, as well as with sources of thermal water that can be used for health and recreational purposes. Its main climatic characteristics lie in a temperate continental climate characterized by moderate warm summers with an average annual temperature of 10.3 degrees Celsius and moderately cold winters. In 1991, the municipality had 52,908 inhabitants, as the area of the municipality is 331.55 km2, this municipality is included in the most densely populated areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is estimated that the municipality now has about 44,350 inhabitants. The land of Velika Kladuša municipality is one of the most important factors in municipal development in terms of geographical position, climatic and hydrological conditions, geological and pedological characteristics. The largest percentage of total municipal land area goes to agricultural land - 22,375 ha or 67.48% of the total area.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
The municipality of Orašje is located within the Posavina Canton in the north of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Situated along the Sava River with the average altitude of about 85m, Orašje is one of the smallest municipalities in the Federation BiH, with total area of 122 km2. The municipality consists of 13 settlements, one of which is urban and all other ones rural. One of the main border crossings, connecting BiH with the Republic of Croatia and the rest of Europe, is located in the area of the municipality, which ensures a good communication connection with all parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as with the neighbouring countries, because it is only 12 km away from the Zagreb - Belgrade highway. Before the war, the municipality of Orašje used to have 26,000 inhabitants and had strong established agriculture and industry mainly related to tobacco cultivation and processing, including mechanization. As a consequence of the war and transition process, the number of inhabitants and industrial activity are significantly reduced, therefore the Statistical Review of the FBiH in 2007 lists the number of inhabitants of 22 532. In the post-war period, agricultural production became the main segment of maintaining regional economic development and makes up to 80% of total activity.
The whole network is supplied gravitationally from the raised storage in Kostrč, which is filled from the neighbouring pump. There are no formal zones, but the main distribution system is divided in the way that the flow to Orašje is separated from the feed for nearby villages in the south of the area. The network is expanded by ring networks for each major village. The secondary main distribution lines are built to match the property in the streets away from the primary network.
The wastewater system in the municipality of Orašje consists of a partly combined drainage system in the city of Orašje and, in general, septic tanks in other areas. Many of the septic tanks are not watertight and work somewhat as suction pits, while in some cases waste water is discharged directly into small rivers or drainage channels. The original sewerage system in Orašje was designed as a combined system and built in 1984. The main collector 1, with discharge into the Sava River, is about 2 km long and is constructed of asbestos cement tubes in the diameter of 500 to 900 mm. The pipes are set rising from 1.5 to 1.8 ° which allows gravity release, except during the highest water level of the river. Collector 2 is approximately 860 meters long with 500 mm in diameter. There is no treatment of wastewater within the municipality of Orašje, but potential location for the Waste Water Treatment Plant has been identified (not purchased), near the river pumping station.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
The overall objective of the project is to improve water supply and waste water drainage in Orašje municipality by improving the quality of drinking water, expanding the network of water supply and wastewater networks, and by building an urban waste water treatment plant (WWTP). Implementation of the project is expected to provide significant positive impact on public health, improve quality of life, and contribute to further development of Orašje municipality, together with meeting general needs in relation to future compliance with the EU Law on Environment. It is estimated that 10,000 inhabitants will directly and 25,000 indirectly benefit from the WATSAN FBiH municipal Scheme of Orašje.
The City of Mostar is located in the Herzegovina Neretva Canton of the Federation BiH and represents the regional canter of Herzegovina. Located at 43º 21’ Latitude N and 17 º 49’ Longitude E, with an average altitude of 99m, it extends to 139, 50 km2. Mostar’s neighbouring cities are Jablanica, Čapljina, Stolac and Čitluk. According to estimates of the Federal Bureau of Statistics, as of June 30, 2011, the City of Mostar (from Žitomislić to Drežnica) is populated with 111,364 inhabitants and is the largest inhabited place in the Herzegovina Neretva Canton.
Water supply of the City of Mostar is provided from several water sources, of which the most important sourced are Vrelo Radobolje, Studenac and the source Bošnjaci. Capacity of the existing water sources can meet overall needs of the city and suburban settlements, but the actual state, capacity and insufficiency of the water supply network prevent appropriate water supply throughout the whole city. Water quality is at satisfactory level, but the main problem is old and detoreated water supply network, which is causing large losses in distribution. Water distribution system is combined (gravity and pumping) and is in poor condition.
Before implementation of the Project WATSAN FBiH, the city sewage and drainage systems were in even worse condition (asbestos - cement, concrete pipes - mostly) than the one of the water supply, and therefore certain remediation, modifications and expansion of the network were needed for all suburban settlements, since there was no sufficient built-up sewage system. Main problem was the large number of septic tanks (with a watertight bottom) which are constantly causing increase in pollution of groundwater. Only certain parts of the city have got their own local collectors. Prior to the project of the city waste water treatment plant construction there was no wastewater treatment whatsoever present within the sewage system of the City of Mostar, and before construction of the plant waste water from about 50 km of existent sewage network was being discharged directly into the Neretva River at about 30 separate locations.
Municipal Scheme Data (Current and planned construction works)
Representatives of the City of Mostar have developed their Project Fiche for implementation of the project WATSAN FBiH as part of their efforts to secure € 8 000 000 of EIB funding for construction of the sewage system Phase 1 in the city. The Phase 1 consists of several sewage collectors on both banks of the Neretva River. Estimated total cost of the Phase 1 is € 16.096 M including the total new investment € 11.796 M.
Municipality of Usora is the northernmost municipality in the Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation BiH. It is positioned at 44º 41' 55'' of northern latitude and 17º 58' 33'' of eastern longitude, with the altitude varying between 150 and 330m. Usora is one of the twelve municipalities of the Zenica-Doboj Canton, Usora’s neighbouring municipalities are Tešanj, Doboj Jug and Doboj, while the nearby towns are Tesanj (15 km to the South), Teslić (15 km to the South-west), Doboj Jug (8 km to the East) and Doboj (15 km, to the North-east). Geographical area of the municipality covers 49.8 km2. According to the 1991 census, Usora used to have 8,894 inhabitants while according to certain statistical estimates, there are 7,700 inhabitants living in the municipality now. Municipality of Usora with its surroundings is positioned in the moderate continental climate zone whose influence is felt through the valley of the Bosna River coming from the Pannonian Plain. Quite sharp winters and warm summers are basic characteristics of this climate but in comparison with the alpine zone variations between winter and summer temperatures are smaller. Lowest temperatures are in January and highest in July. Along with favourable geo-communicational position and good potential for future economic development, major natural resources of the municipality Usora are arable land (3.510 ha) specifically suitable for farming, river Usora with its hydro and fishing potential, as well as hardwood and softwood forests. Overall agricultural land within the municipality spreads over 3.614 ha. Entire municipal area is covered by public water supply network service. Protection of natural resources and environment is ensured through implementation of environmental regulations and inspections procedures together with organized garbage collection which is a joint responsibility of local households and business entities.
Existing water supply system in Usora municipality consists of 5 individual systems through which some 85% of municipal citizens are connected to the public water supply. Water supply network is about 72 km long and is servicing 421.580 m3 of water on annual base. About 337.260 m3 of this water per year is discharged as waste water into the surroundings. Plumbing facilities were constructed during the period of previous 15 years and are in good condition. Projects for protection of water sources are already developed and need appropriate investment funds for implementation of protection measures. Water distribution system functions with the water being pumped from the source or pumping station through pipeline and then transferred to the water tank facilities and gravitationally distributed to the customers with pressure pipeline in Žabljak being also used as a distribution line, which is the component planned for modification with construction of a separate supply line. There are 12 wells/springs built within 5 (five) spring locations, with constructed 7 (seven) 1050 m3 water tanks/reservoirs. Water supply system in the village of Žabljak, where the municipal sub-project for sewerage system construction will be implemented, consists of 4 wells installed with 7-11 KW pumping stations, 150 m3 water tanks and distribution network in the length of 4,500 meters. Chlorination of water is conducted within the pumping station.
Main components of the municipal sewerage system are collectors, a natural fall system, pumping stations and supply pipeline. Treatment of municipal wastewaters has not been conducted so far but is planned along the construction of wastewater treatment plant during the phase II of municipal scheme. This waste water treatment plant will have the capacity of 1500 PE with estimated investment cost of around € 350,000. Aiming to resolve the current unsustainable situation and provide for protection of the drinking water source and prevention of the air and soil pollution, the municipality of Usora and public community Žabljak have initiated the procedure for development of project documentation for construction of the sewage system which was followed with phasing the respective construction works. Municipal sewerage network was built in the length of 0.56 km and is not connected to the recipient.
Municipal Scheme Data (On-going and planned construction works)
Due to the actual unfavourable situation in the area of waste waters the municipality of Usora has nominated its scheme "Sewerage System Žabljak (loc Kanalizacija Žabljak)" to be implemented through the Project WATASAN FBiH. Primary goal of the scheme is to resolve the evident waste waters issues within the populated lowland municipal area and protect the drinking water source. As the project documentation was developed in 2004, in order to protect the water source and increase the scope of sewerage network, extensions on the network must be made including designing of both sewerage collectors and wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). As financial construction of the WWTP is not closed as yet the plant will be implemented within the second phase of the scheme. Parts of the sewerage system to be built during the phase I include five collectors in the total length of 7,140 m. These collectors will function as gravity system collectors partially combined, with rainwater drainage (rainwater from the buildings) planned for washing the collectors due to the minimal extended fall.
Components of the Scheme "Sewerage System Žabljak"
1. Designs for extension of the collector network and WWTP and revision of the project documentation
2. Construction of the primary network of collectors (already designed)
3. Construction works on extension of the Collector 4
4. Construction works on the Collector 5
5. Extension of the collectors leading to the WWTP
6. Supervision cost.
Municipality Doboj Jug is located within Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at 18o 03' 06'' of eastern longitude and 44o 41' 16'' of northern latitude, covering the area of 10.2 km2. Municipality of Doboj Jug is located at the confluence of Usora to the Bosnia River which is the largest tributary of the Sava River in Bosnia. Elevation is mostly between 150-250m. Neighbouring cities are Doboj (80 km to the North), Usora (to the North West), Petrovo (to the South East), and Tešanj (5 km to the South). The municipality of Doboj Jug is mostly characterized with very hot summers, moderate cold winters, and autumns longer than springs. The warmest month is July and coldest one is January. Annual precipitation is around 970mm/m2. The municipality of Doboj Jug is one of the new municipalities in BiH. Advantage of the municipality in comparison with others is represented with well-organized transportation lines. The municipality currently has 5.000 citizens living in settlements Matuzići and Mravići. According to the census from 1991, belonging to the municipality of Doboj, before the war the two settlements had 3.259 citizen. Population density in the municipality of Doboj Jug is around 500 citizens per km2. This value is pretty high in relation to the population density of the Zenica-Doboj Canton (120/km2) and population density of the FBiH (89/km2).
96% of the municipality population is connected to the public Water Supply System. Around 50 households in the municipality of Tešanj (around 200 citizens) uses water through the public Water Supply System of Doboj Jug. Water Supply of the municipality Doboj Jug is secured through the water from the river Bosna. Municipal Water Supply System consists of three wells with the total capacity of 30 l/s, 6 water reservoirs (2 for pressure control), 3 pumping stations (PS), 8,4 km transition main and around 35 km of distribution network. There are no Potable Water Treatment Facilities within the municipality. Water taken from the wells is being chlorinated at the source before distribution and the chlorine is being measured in the reservoirs. Water Quality Analysis is being conducted on monthly basis by the Public Health Institute of the Zenica-Doboj Canton and the quality mostly fulfils requirements of the Regulation on Potable Water Sanitation Conditions Standards (SFRJ Official Gazette, no. 33/87). Generally there are no large problems with servicing, however in the summer season amounts of water taken from the sources are not enough to serve the whole area. The municipality of Doboj Jug uses SCADA system connected to all water supply facilities at seven locations. Experts of the Public Utility Company conduct monitoring of the whole water supply service process and strive to identify problems and observe remaining chlorine within tanks through the SCADA System. Although total losses in the water supply system are not too high (27%), most losses are caused by cracks on asbestos-cement transmission pipes that are old and deteriorated and as such present the oldest elements within the system.
Collection system for the Sanitation services is only partially established. According to the data from the municipal development strategy approximately 30% of population within the existing Sanitation System uses individual septic tanks while the rest households discharge their waste water directly into neighbouring water streams, channels etc. Large scale design has been developed for construction of the primary sewerage collectors for the area of the whole municipality. Construction of the waste water collection system was initiated in 2006 and the preliminary design of this segment is finalized. The municipality has also initiated construction of the sewerage system and so far around 5, 5 km of 28 km sewerage network designed in total were constructed (mainly collectors). Existing design does not cover secondary and tertiary collector network. Based upon data from the Public Utility Company, 26 industrial companies are connected to the sewerage system, with all the remaining ones planned to be connected in the future. Main problems within the waste water treatment system concern the low level of the network connection and connection to the collector. Although 20% of the designed system have been constructed, only 8% of the population is connected to the Public System, which indicates to the low level of public awareness about the importance of waste water as well as the service stated within the development strategy. Low connection level has negative effect to the appropriate sustainability of the system. Collected incomes funds can not cover the whole costs system. Municipal Sewerage System consists of two separate collectors, however the storm and waste water collectors are not separated. Sewerage System has got natural slope without existence of pumping stations. There are no Waste Water Treatment facilities within the municipality. All waste water are being collected and discharged directly into the river Usora without any treatment and there are no waste water pumping stations as well.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and Planned Construction Works)
Considering the existent situation within the system, there are no ongoing projects and the following projects have been planned:
SewerageImplementation of the following two projects related to the waste water treatment have been planned:
• Construction of the secondary sewerage collectors in the area of Novo Naselje and construction of the primary collector No 2;
• Construction of additional part of the primary collector No 3.
Planned projects• Extension of the sewerage system to cover 80% of the population;
• Construction of the storm water drainage system to cover 50% of the municipal area;
• Construction of the WWTP second phase after connection of the settlements Šije (municipality Tešanj) on to the sewerage system of the municipality Doboj Jug.
The municipality of Jajce is located in the central part of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), within western part of the Central Bosnia Canton, at 40º 20' 30" of northern latitude and 17º 14' 16" of eastern latitude. The municipality spreads over the area of 363 km² and borders with the municipalities of Travnik, Dobretići and Donji Vakuf from the Central Bosnia Canton, and the municipalities of Jezero, Šipovo and Mrkonjić Grad from Republika Srpska (RS). Municipal area is characterized by mountainous terrain, with altitude ranging between 350 m (the waterfall) and 1,400 m (Suhi Vrh peak). Territory of the municipality is consolidated around the river Vrbas and its left tributary Pliva, with Veliko Plivsko Lake and Malo Plivsko Lake located 5 km away from Jajce city centre. Climate of municipal territory is moderately continental, with warm summers and sharp and snowy winters. The average air temperature in July is l8 ° C, and in January l, 8 ° C.
According to the population census of 1991, the municipality used to have 45,007 inhabitants. During and after the war significant changes occurred within municipal demographic structure and according to estimated data of the Federal Bureau of Statistics for 2010, Jajce currently has 24,383 inhabitants. Overall economy of Jajce municipality is based on metal industry, wood industry, production of electricity and mining. Municipal forestry area covers some 20,978 ha or 54% of total municipal territory. There are several mineral and ore deposits as well including bauxite sites around areas Poljane and Bešpelj. In the near vicinity of urban area there are several deposits of non-metallic materials suitable for construction. The river Pliva with its lakes and waterfalls, together with rich cultural and historical municipal heritage, represent unique tourist attractions of Jajce municipality. Municipal economy is mainly export oriented.
Together with one part of surrounding settlements, water supply of Jajce municipality is serviced mostly from the water reservoirs located at Veliko Plivsko Lake, and natural springs Dućani and Orahovac. According to data of the Public Utility Company "Vodovod i kanalizacija" being the entity responsible for managing public water supply system, around 3,436 households are connected to public water supply services, which is 46.5% of total households in the municipality. For the settlements at the right side of Vrbas, with about 50% of the overall municipal population, water supply is provided exclusively through the local water supply systems managed by local communities themselves. Within this municipal area, certain number of settlements have still not solved their water supply or sewerage network services. Since the public water supply system is mainly serviced through pumping stations, the share of electricity cost within the price of water exceeds 25%. Length of the water supply network is 80 km (30 km primary, 50 km secondary), with total capacity of the water supply system ranging from the minimum of 80 l / sec, to the maximum of 135 l / sec. Existing rural water-pipes provide relatively low level of supply, particularly during summer dry periods when the supply of individual settlements is mainly carried out through the water tank. Water control and chlorination are regularly carried out only in the main water supply system, while rural water pipelines being neither under control nor allocated with funds for maintenance.
Existing sewerage network covers only narrower city area. Sewerage system is of a mixed type, with both waste and precipitation waters being transferred together to the main collector through the network of secondary channels. The main collector is installed along the left bank of River Pliva, ending with the tunnel located at the river mouth of Pliva and outlet on the left bank of Vrbas. This is a concrete, 2440 m long collector with 300, 500, 600 and 800 mm profiles and a rainfall discharge. It collects wastewater from the narrow urban municipal area and discharges it through a single outlet point into the river Vrbas. The other urban area downstream of the main collector outlet is covered with a mixed type collector’s network with separate inlets into Vrbas River. City area at the right bank of Pliva river is connected to 500 and 1000 mm profile collectors connected to the main city collector right after crossing Pliva river. Existing network is made of concrete and asbestos pipes. Waste waters from nearby plants located within the industrial zone upstream of urban area are directly discharged into Vrbas through the network of individual sewage drains. Without any form of waste water treatment within the municipality of Jajce main recipient of precipitation and wastewaters is the river of Vrbas.
Municipal Scheme Data (on-going and planned construction works)
Water supply- Development of Main Design for Water Supply at the right bank of river Vrbas is planned
• Construction of pumping stations and reservoirs
• Construction of pipelines (pressure pipelines and distribution)
• Construction of capture points
- Reconstruction of existing pipelines and system connection
- Construction of a water purification plant for the Local community including all necessary equipment
Sewerage System- Preparation of Preliminary Design for sanitation system on the Right Bank of Vrbas River (on-going)
- Preparation of Main Design for Sanitation System
- Implementation of construction works to follow technical documentation of the project
The municipality of Bosansko Grahovo is located in southwestern part of BiH within the Canton 10 - Livno of the Federation of BiH covering the area of 780 km2. The municipality is surrounded by mountains Uilik (1602 m), Jadovnik (1650 m), Tator (1872 m) and Dinara (1851 m) with two karst fields Grahovsko polje and Livanjsko polje located inbetween. The latitude and longitude of the municipality is 44 ° 11 '00 "N and 16 ° 22' 00" E, while the altitude in the centre of Bosanski Grahovo is 860 m. Bosansko Grahovo borders with municipalities of Drvar, Glamoč, Livno and Kulen Vakuf in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and municipalities of Srb, Knin and Kijevo in the Republic of Croatia. Closest distance to the coast of the Adriatic Sea (Šibenik) is 80 km. With main local roads Bosansko Grahovo is connected to Knin in the Republic of Croatia and to Livno and Drvar in the Federation of BiH. Railroad Bosanski Novi - Knin in the length of 1700 m and the railway station Bosanski Drenovac passes through municipal territory.
Although close to the Adriatic Sea, Bosansko Grahovo municipality has a continental climate, with long and strong winters, short and warm summers and large number of sunny days. Average annual rainfall is 1990 mm while the average air temperature is 5.6 ° C. According to the census from 1991 Bosansko Grahovo municipality used to have 8.311 inhabitants and today there are only some 3.500 inhabitants living in the municipality. Until 1992, the municipality used to have 3.250 employees employed within various economic entities, services and local institutions. During the war and post-war period economic capacities were destroyed leaving only 400 employed people in the municipality. In the area of Grahovsko polje significant site of clay is located in Vidovići while in the municipal area of Livanjsko polje there is a site of "peat" in Pržine whose reserves are estimated to some 3 million tons. Same locality is a nursery for the production of forest and decorative seedlings. Forestry area spreads over 29.558 ha, arable land covers 2.755 ha, while meadows cover 11.262 ha and pastures 33.019 ha of the municipal territory.
Municipal Water Supply Systems use the water from several water sources. The source used for capturing the water for the main Water Supply System is located in the village of Peja, 10 km away from the city. Captured from the catchment tank, water is transported through asbestos-cement pipes to the water reservoir "Gradini" (150 cubic meters) with pumps installed for pumping the water into the main supply reservoir of the city, while the other two small pumps transport the water to asbestos-cement made pipelines for the villages Resanovce and Zebe. Water chlorination devices are installed within the catchment reservoir in the village of Peći. From the secondary source "Studeno vrelo", the water is pumped with pumping stations the capture point "Grmuša vrelo" and then transported into the system through asbestos-cement pipes. Industrial water is captured at Brkini Vrelo, from where it is transported through asbestos-cement pipes to the 10 l/s capacity pumping station "Vrba" and then to a separate water tank at "Bašinci", which is located at the position lower than the one of the urban tank but higher than Industrial Zone of Bosansko Grahovo. Water quality is controlled by the Public Health Institute HBŽ Livno through regular sampling of water samples taken at various distribution sites. Using natural flow-drop, water for the final beneficiaries’ supply is distributed through asbestos-cement pipeline from the main source to the reservoir which located under the hill Gradina, and from the pump station to the main city reservoir positioned on the hill Gradina, and then from the main reservoir water is distributed to the city water supply network using natural flow-drop.
First phase of the city sewerage system was constructed consisting of a 1000 m long 1200 mm diameter collector tube and a 5000 m sewage network with 125 to 800 mm diameters. In order to improve and expand this system and avoid pollution of soil, water and air in downstream areas, construction of the second phase of the sewerage system is envisaged. A sewerage collector and Waste Water treatment plant were constructed at the locality of "Pašića polje" but they were both devastated during the war and currently not in operation.
Municipal Scheme Data (on-going and planned construction works)
Water Supply and Sewerage System
Municipality of Bosansko Grahovo has conducted a partial reconstruction of the water supply system from the water source "Peći" with replacement of asbestos-cement with PVC pipes, construction of chlorination station at the capture point of the water source, and replacement of asbestos-cement with PVC pipes in the system used by the settlement Zebe. In order to complete this reconstruction, activities on replacement of the pipeline leading towards the "Gradina" reservoir are planned, as well as the reconstruction of the reservoir at Gradina. In addition to these, activities on the reconstruction of pipeline from the spring "Studeno vrelo" are planned for the purpose of improving the quality of municipal water supply and reduction of water losses during transport, and finally replacement of asbestos-cement pipelines.
Municipality Glamoč is one of the six municipalities from Canton 10 of the Federation BiH. Covering the area of 1033 km2, municipality Glamoč borders with the municipalities of Kupres, Livno, Bosansko Grahovo and Drvar in the Federation BiH. In the Republika Srpska, Glamoč borders with the municipalities of Ribnik, Mrkonjić Grad and Šipovo. The municipality is positioned in the central part of Glamočko polje, which is a spacious field bordered with mountain peaks of the altitude ranging from 1765 m (Slovinj) to 2006 m (Cincar). According to the census from 1991, the municipality used to have 12,593 inhabitants with recorded depopulation trend, while data of the BiH Agency for Identification Documents, Registers and Data Exchange from 2010 reported the population number of 4,950.
Public Water supply system of the city consists of 3 separate systems. Gonište system, as the largest system is supplied from 2 wells (Vrba and Suvalj) located in the south-western part of the Glamočko polje. Current capacity of these wells is 30 l / s. Pressure pipeline of the System is 7000m long. Water from these 2 wells is pumped into the reservoir Goništa (V = 1300m3) and then gravitationally distributed to the final beneficiaries/consumers. System Busija is a gravitational system. From the source of Dumaca (2 l/s) water gravitationally reaches the Busija reservoir and is then transferred to the final beneficiaries/consumers in the settlements of Luka and Livanjska cesta. The Ajazma system is gravitational one supplying the consumers in the settlement Hasići. After being taken from the Ajazma source (capacity 1 l/s) water is gravitationally distributed to the customers. These two systems are small and cover only small part of the city. Gravitational systems are still in operation. Apart from chlorination, additional purification is not needed as the water sources are wells and natural springs. Distribution system is gravitational. Total length of the network (within all three systems) is 13.590m. Profiles range from 200mm to 50mm. Connection lines are mostly made of galvanized pipes, which represent a major problem for the system because this is the part of the network with biggest losses recorded. All materials are equally used: asbestos cement, cast iron, PVC and PE. As current network losses are 59% water supply is restricted during summer months.
Only narrowest part of the city is covered with Sewerage system. It consists of the natural drop mixed collectors with the profiles ranging from 40 to 50cm, while the main collector profile is in the range from 50/70 to 80/120cm at the rear end of the outlet. Natural depression Rivine is used as recipient for the discharged waste water and precipitation. Total length of the existing primary collectors is 4610m. There is no wastewater treatment system in the municipality
Municipal Scheme Data (Current and Planned Construction Works)
There are currently no works in the system except for the current maintenance. It is planned that reconstruction of the existing water supply system will be carried out in the forthcoming period. The priority is to replace the part of the pipeline in the length of 600m where the losses of 7 l / s have been detected. It has also been planned to replace part of the distribution network on two locations within the city (within the narrow city centre in the length of L = 200m and part of a suburban settlement in the length of L = 890m with the reconstruction of connections). Additionally planned works are refurbishment of the existing well abandoned during the war with the capacity of 8 l/s and construction of a Rudine reservoir with the capacity of 250m3 which is planned to be used as part of the Gonište system for supplying settlements in the southwestern part of the field.
Ongoing works on the sewerage system mainly cover reconstruction of existing trusses placed along the highways and making way for the water to enter collectors at the roads over which surface water is introduced into collectors (most damages are caused by the torrents accumulating significant amounts of gravel which are directly entering the system due to the lack of installed trusses). Part of the loan funds will be used for the reconstruction of the damaged portion of the main collector in the length of 50m which needs to be fully replaced. The main collector has been planned for cleaning and scanning.
The municipality of Kupres is located in the southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which administratively belongs to the Canton 10, i.e. Herceg Bosna Canton of the Federation BiH. With an average altitude of the entire area being above 1135 m, its climate typical for mountainous area, and 20 km2 plateaus surrounded by 18 mountain peaks ranging from 1272 to 1828 m, the municipality of Kupres covers a geographical area in the size of 587 km2. Nearby towns are Livno and Bugojno. The area of Kupres actually connects the continental part of BiH and Croatia with the Dalmatia and Adriatic Sea. It abounds with natural diversities, including among water and forest resources cultural and archaeological sites, providing the excellent conditions for development.
Municipal Scheme Data (Ongoing and planned construction works)
- Water Tank of 500,00 m3,
- Pressure Back-Transition Main in the length of 100 m and pipe diameter of 160 fi,
- Diameter of the Primary Transition Main is fi 200 and fi 250.
- Diameters of the Sewerage pipes are of 600, 800 and 1000 fi.
- There are 4 pumping stations.
Prozor - Rama
The municipality of Prozor-Rama is located in the Herzegovina-Neretva County/Canton of the Federation BiH. Geographical area of the municipality covers 480 km2 of the land spread over mountains and hills in the central part of BiH Federation and BiH. Local terrain is characterized by highly developed relief with deep and long river valleys cutting into the mountains and often having the shape of a canyon. The altitude of this area ranges between 270 m and 1950 m. The largest river of the area is Rama. The municipality borders with the municipalities of Tomislavgrad, Kupres, Gornji Vakuf/Uskoplje, Konjic, Jablanica and Posušje. The municipal area has features of the pre-mountain climate with moderately warm summers (18 to 20 °C) and winters on average slightly colder than the moderate continental climate (from -2 to -4 °C). Annual temperature fluctuations range between 20 and 24º C. The average annual temperature is lower than 10º C. Annual precipitation is 1200 mm. According to the 1991 census, number of the population in the municipal area 19760.
Water supply system of the settlements along the rim of the Rama Lake fits into the existing water supply system of the city of Prozor with whom it makes a unique entirety. Prior to development of the main project for the water supply system around the Rama Lake, common facilities were existent with the water supply system of the city of Prozor, namely the main facility of Krupić water source, Krupić pumping station, pressure pipeline CS Krupić-VS Krč and Water tank Krč. Water transport within the system is carried out from the Krupić spring, through the pumping pipeline from the pumping station Krupić to the water tank Krč, and then from the water tank further by the gravity and partly pressure piping to the distribution water tanks. The spatial coverage of the system extends to the total of sixteen settlements, namely the settlements of Jaklići, Rumboci, Varvara, Kovačevo Polje, Mluša, Ploča, Podbor, Ripci, Šćit, Družinovići, Lapsunj, Ometala, Šlimac, Paljike and Gmici. Construction of the system began in 1990 with the construction of transition main in the length of 7000 meters and the greater part of the water tanks Rumboci 1 and Rumboci 3. Construction of sixteen (16) distribution water tanks ranging from 150 m³ to 400 m³ has been planned and then four (4) pumping and four (4) hydrophor stations. Total length of the system pipelines is 33.711,0 m with pipeline diameters from ND 60 to ND 300 mm. Water supply is provided from the existing water intake at the Krupic water spring, which is already in the function of the water source within the water supply system of the Prozor settlement. The relevant minimal munificence of the Krupic source with the rank occurrence of 1/20 (once in twenty years) determined by the long-term munificence measurements is 250 l/sec and is sufficient for the long-term needs of the city of Prozor and all the settlements within the Rama accumulation. Water is distributed from the distribution water tanks to all consumers. The system currently includes 35,171.74 m of distribution, secondary network constructed for the settlements, nine (9) distribution water tanks with the total volume of 3400 m³, and one (1) pumping and two hydrophor stations.
Public sewerage system in the Municipality of Prozor Rama will be constructed through project WATSAN FBiH. Detailed structure design includes faecal sewerage (13,858.95 m) and storm water sewerage (12,102.87 m). System of the designed sewerage network for the settlement of Prozor is fully gravitational with PEHD sewer pipes of DN 280 and DN 315 mm diameter. Respective construction will include prefabricated standard inspection pits and prefabricated standard cascade inspection pits. All the collected waste water will lead to the concentrator pit and then to the Waste Water Treatment Plant. Water Treatment Plant will use the adopted BIOCOS technology which is a combination of simple procedure during which the returned sludge is transferred back into the aeration pool B by a cyclic procedure of sedimentation and mixture being done in the second pool i.e. SU Pool. SU pool replaces the necessary sediments during normal procedure with aeration pools, sedimentation, itself and entire pumping station for sludge recovery. These two pools - B Pool and SU Pool are connected with the openings on their bottoms and the upper level of the water so that they behave as a communicating vessels system. The system is automatic so that timed control is provided for each phase. Sludge drainage is regulated in such way that only vestigial sludge is separated from the system. All sludge from the Waste Water Treatment Plant and septic tanks will be stable and safe for disposal. Construction of the Wastewater Treatment Plant will reduce pollution of the rivers Prozorčica and Rama as well as pollution of Jablanica Lake (Jablaničko jezero) including the overall Neretva River Watershed and improve the eco system of downstream areas. This treatment plant will purify all municipal wastewaters collected within the urban sewerage system. The purification shall be done in economically acceptable, legally required and technologically acceptable manner and only after that processes the purified waste water will be discharged into the recipient of the river Prozorčica. Municipal scheme implementation will be phased including the phase I with 3000 PE and phase II with another 3000 ES
Municipal Scheme Data (ongoing and planned construction works)
A 1- Rehabilitation of the existing water supply system and completion of the water supply system around the Rama Lake
A 2 - Construction of the water supply system for the settlement along the main pipeline (section Ometale-Družinovići)
A 3 - Construction of the water supply system for suburban areas
B 1- Construction of the main sewerage collector in the length of 4500 m of the inner city zone
Water Supply of Konjic is provided from the water catchment of "Ljuta". Through a gravitational pipeline water is transported towards water reservoirs "Klipanovac" with the volume of 1700 m3 and "Čemer" with the volume of 3400 m3. As the only form of water purification, water chlorination is performed at the chlorination station constructed within the location of water catchment. "Public Health Institute" - Mostar is the authority responsible for water quality control (chemical-biological and bacteriological). Overall distribution of water within the municipal public Water Supply network is gravitational except for the zones of Tuleg-Pomol-Glavica and Repovica where because of the high altitude, a pumping system with reservoirs is used. Distribution System is constructed in ring sections.
Municipal Scheme Data (on-going and planned construction works)
Reconstruction and additional Construction of the Public Sewerage System
Čitluk municipality is located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation BiH, situated within a mild geographical area of 181 km2 with altitude ranging from 22 to 582m. Positioned in the centre of Brotnjo Plateau, at the intersection of roads leading to the neighbouring cities of Mostar, Ljubuški, Čapljina, Međugorje and Široki Brijeg, Čitluk City is the administrative centre of the municipality. Municipal area is dominated by Mediterranean climate providing for some 1700 hours or 170 sunny days per a year. The average annual precipitation within the municipal area is about 1200 mm. Čitluk municipality is populated with 17,500 inhabitants who are making the municipal population density of 96.68 inhabitants per square kilometre. The most developed economic activities in the municipality are agriculture, tourism and small business development.
Municipal Scheme Data (on-going and planned construction works)
Municipal Scheme included in WATSAN FBiH Project consists of the sub-projects intended for rationalization of water quality improvement (extension of the main water tank, new pressure pipeline from the water source and reconstruction of one part of the distribution network).
Municipal Scheme included in the WATSAN FBiH project includes construction of the second phase of sewerage system Međugorje and Bijakovići (sewerage network, pumping station, sewerage collector and wastewater treatment plant).
Lokacija: Općina Tešanj locirana je u _Ze-Do Kantonu Federacije BiH. (Nadmorska visina, 150-730 m (grad Tešanj 230 m) geografska širina 44O33€™ sjeverno i dužina 17O 59€™ istočno , obližnji gradovi: Maglaj (12.5km jugoistočno), Teslić (10.5 km zapadno), Doboj (15.5 km sjever-istočno) i općine: Doboj-jug i Usora, geografska oblast općine iznosi 163 km2.
Meteorologija: Meteorološki podaci koji se odnose na izmjerene temperature pokazuju da je maksimalna temperatura iznosila 34 oC, minimalna -18 oC, a srednja 12,08 oC što potvrđuje konstataciju o klimatskoj odrednici umjereno kontinentalna klima.
Stanovništvo: Općina Tešanj je podijeljena na 25 mjesnih zajednica koje obuhvataju 42 naseljeno mjesto pri čemu su centri mjesnih zajednica po pravilu najveća ili ona naselja koja su centralno pozicionirana u okviru MZ. Migratorna kretanja i demografske promjene koje se odnose na period od zadnjeg popisa (1991) do danas direktna su posljedica ratnih i poratnih zbivanja, a u pogledu broja stanovnika najizraženije promjene u smislu smanjenja broja stanovnika su zabilježene u naseljima Lončari (-8,7%), Blaževci (-5,6%), Putešić (-5,7) i Čifluk (-4,8%) od ukupno 23 naselja koja su zabilježila pad broja stanovnika. Ovo su uglavnom naselja koja se nalaze u blizini entitetske granice. Istovremeno je u jednom dijelu općine zabilježen i porast broja stanovnika, a najizrazitiji primjeri su naselja Jelah (5,4%) i Potočani (4,4%). Sistem naseljenih mjesta na području općine Tešanj se formirao na način da se uz Grad Tešanj kao centralno upravno- administrativno sjedište i najveće naselje formirala, dva po karakteru i veličini prepoznatljiva sekundarna centra: Jelah i Tešanjka. Grad Tešanj je jedan od centara kantonalnog značaja za ZE-DO kanton i kao takav je tretiran u PP ZE-DO kantona. Jelah i Tešanjku karakterizira izuzetno visoka gustina naseljenosti (Jelah 1037 St/km2; Tešanjka 2170 St/km2) i dinamičan privredni razvoj, dobra komunikacijska povezanost i urbanizacija prostora sa izuzetno velikim procentom zastupljenosti karakteristika gradskog naselja.
Funkciju centralnih naselja sa odgovarajućim sadržajima koji služe stanovnicima okolnih naselja imaju naselja Šije, Karadaglije, Džemilić Planje, Medakovo, Kaloševići, Miljanovci. Sva naselja koja imaju funkciju centara zajednice sela imaju izuzetno veliku gustinu stanovanja, danas, i preko 1000 stanovnika. Jedino naselje Karadaglije ima nešto manji broj stanovnika, ali ovo naselje je najveće u ovom, najjužnijem dijelu općine. Ostala 31 naselja imaju karakter seoskih naselja, ali zbog generalno visoke koncentracije stanovnika na relativno malom prostoru, mnoga od ovih mjesta imaju neke elemente urbanih sredina. Bitno je u okviru prikaza demografske slike općine Tešanj još jednom naglasiti veliku gustinu naseljenosti 293 st/km2 (poređenja radi prosjek u Federaciji je 89 st/km2, a u ZE- DO kantonu 120,2 st/km2 ) u čemu naravno prednjače Tešanj, Jelah i Tešanjka. Uvažavajući uobičajene kriterijume o ocjeni gustine naseljenosti prostora po kome se manje od 11 st/km2 smatra rijetko naseljenim područjem, dok je srednje naseljen prostor onaj koji ima gustinu od 11 do 50 st/km2, prostor sa gustinom od 51 do 100 st/km2 se smatra gusto naseljenim, a prenaseljeni prostori su svi oni koji imaju gustinu preko 100 st/km2, to općina Tešanj spada u prenaseljene prostore. Najgušće su naseljeni prostori uz rijeku Usoru, uz put M17 i grad Tešanj, a najrjeđe naseljeni su južni, brdsko- planinski predjeli.
Prema raspoloživim podacima Federalnog zavoda za statistiku na teritoriji općine Tešanj se nalazi 1937 registrovanih poslovnih subjekata (od toga je: 672 pravne osobe, 294 jedinice u sastavu i 971 obrt ). Ovo općinu Tešanj svrstava na drugo mjesto u Ze-Do Kantonu, odmah nakon Zenice prema broju registrovanih pravnih osoba (13,37% od broja registrovanih pravnih osoba), a na treće mjesto po ukupnom broju poslovnih subjekata (12,10% od broja poslovnih subjekata) odmah iza Zenice i Visokog. Ovo je posebno značajno ako se ima na umu da se prema površini koju zauzima općina Tešanj svrstava na deveto mjesto (155,9 km2 ili 4,66% površine Ze-Do Kantona) i na drugo mjesto po broju stanovnika u Ze-Do Kantonu (47.976 stanovnika ili 11,97% stanovnika u Ze-Do Kantonu). To nas dovodi do zaključka da se na relativno malom prostoru nalazi izuzetno veliki broj poslovnih subjekata, tačnije 12,24 poslovna subjekta na 1 km2 ili 1 poslovni subjekat na 24,77 stanovnika. Ovo općinu Tešanj pozicionira u red sredina koje imaju izuzetno razvijeno preduzetništvo u BiH i visok stepen razvijenih privrednih djelatnosti. Privrednu sliku općine Tešanj pretežno oslikavaju prerađivačke djelatnosti (metaloprerada sa proizvodnjom automobilskih dijelova, prerada tekstila i kože, drvoprerada uz proizvodnju namještaja i prehrambena industrija uz punionice mineralne vode) dopunjene uz razvijen sektor trgovine i građevinarstva. Atraktivnost geografskog prostora personificirana kroz gustu naseljenost (cca. 300 stanovnika na 1 km2) i veliki broj poslovnih subjekata uticala je na relativno razvijen sektor poslovanja nekretninama i pružanja poslovnih usluga. Časopis Poslovne novine su za 2009. godinu, na temelju pokazatelja finansijskog poslovanja uvrstile 6 firmi iz Tešnja među 100 najuspješnijih firmi u BiH. To su: HIFA OIL, Mann Hummel BA, HIFA d.o.o, AS d.o.o, Pobjeda d.d. i Artisan. Među 6 proizvođača mineralne vode koji su prisutni na teritoriji općine Tešanj, čak 5 od njih su nosioci prestižnih nagrada dobijenih na renomiranom takmičenju mineralnih voda u SAD, International Water Testing-Barkeley Springs. Poslovni subjekti koji su nosioci privrednog razvoja u području metaloprerađivačke industrije na teritoriji općine Tešanj su slijedeće: Mann Hummel BA, Pobjeda, FAD, Enker, Kalim, BME, HVM-INOX, Medena Commerc, East-Inox, KPM, Zupčanik, Asval i dr. Usko povezani sa područjem automobilske industrije su firme HIFA-OIL i HIFA kao jedni od najznačajnijih distributera naftnim derivatima u BiH i firma Belif koja se bavi proizvodnjom hemijskih proizvoda za autoindustriju i druge namjene. Poslovni subjekti koji su nosioci privrednog razvoja u području tekstilno-kožarske industrije na teritoriji općine Tešanj su slijedeće: Koteks, Alpina Bromy, SOCKSMAKER 3, Napredak, Koža-Komerc, Sendy, Contesa, Conita, ART, Zemi, Eurovez i dr. Poslovni subjekti koji su nosioci privrednog razvoja u području drvoprerađivačke industrije i proizvodnje namještaja na teritoriji općine Tešanj su slijedeće: Nord Ent, Artisan, May, Salkić, Usora, Bosna Commerce, Sigma prom, Obrt Commerce, i dr. Poslovni subjekti koji su nosioci privrednog razvoja u području prehrambene industrije na teritoriji općine Tešanj su slijedeće: AS, Dukat, Subašić, Jami, Mady, Princes, Celvik, Zema, Tešanjska Vrela, Oaza, Meso Produkt, Zlatna kap, Farex, Bio Šamp, Edas Plast i dr. U području građevinarstva značajno je istaknuti slijedeće firme: FAMUS, Inter, Inžinjering, Hrvić Gradnja, Haskomerc, Neđing i dr. Veoma razvijen sektor trgovine je prepoznatljiv po slijedećim firmama: AS, Dukat, Farex, Mady, Europa Trade, Muki-prom i dr. Oblast štamparsko’ izdavačke djelatnosti je relativno razvijena na teritoriji općine Tešanj. U ovoj oblasti uspješno posluju firme: Planjax, Grafik Komerc, AD-Print, AGFA-Print i dr. Na teritoriji općine Tešanj prisutne su i brojne firme koje se bave transportom i špediterskim uslugama. Prema podacima koji su dostupni općini Tešanj, procjenjena vrijednost ukupnih godišnjih prihoda firmi na teritoriji općine iznosi cca. 950.000.000,00 KM. Osnovno opredjeljenje firmi na teritoriji općine Tešanj predstavlja izvozna orijentacija. Prema pokazateljima VTK za 2009. godinu, izvoz firmi sa teritorije općine Tešanj je iznosio 127.960.499,00 KM. Ostvareni rezultat svrstava općinu Tešanj sa 15,43% udjela u izvozu, na treće mjesto u Ze-Do Kantonu, odmah nakon Visokog i Zenice. Razvijena dugogodišnja industrijska kultura i izgrađeni poslovni odnosi sa vodećim svjetskim firmama u području autoindustrije pozicionirali su općinu Tešanj kao područje od posebnog interesa za inostrane investitore. Isporuka OEM (bos. Originalni dijelovi i oprema) dijelova više od 30 godina prema vodećim svjetskim proizvođačima u autoindustriji dovela je do potpuno logične naslonjenosti na moderne tehnologije i međunarodna tržišta. Prisustvo poslovne infrastrukture i blizina autoceste Zagreb-Beograd učinile su ovo područje posebno interesantnim za direktne inostrane investicije. Inostrane investicije su prisutne u vodećim industrijskim sektorima općine Tešanj. U području autoindustrije tu su prisutne njemačke (Mann Hummel BA) i holandske investicije (BME). U metalopreradi je prisutna još jedna holandska direktna investicija (HVM Inox). Poseban interes za investiranje u općini Tešanj od strane holandskih investitora je iskazan u slučaju firmi Nord Ent (proizvodnja namještaja) i Cotar (proizvodnja cerada i prerada tekstila i plastike). Prerada tekstila i kože su područja u kojima su zabilježeni primjeri direktnih inostranih investicija od strane slovenačkog (Alpina Bromy) i italijanskog partnera (Socksmaker3). Linpac Plastic-Algoja je jedna od direktnih inostranih investicija slovenskog porijekla i bavi se proizvodnjom i prodajom ambalaže i strojeva za prehrambenu industriju, isto kao i firma Silk trade. Također na prostoru općine Tešanj prisutna je još jedna inostrana investicija porijeklom iz Njemačke u firmi koja se bavi proizvodnjom i prodajom predmeta i igračaka od drveta.
Postojeći sistem I objekti vodoopskrbe
Snabdijevanje vodom prostora općine Tešanj predstavlja permanentni problem u pogledu obezbjeđenja dovoljnih količina pitke vode, te zaštite tih resursa od zagađenja. Resurs pitka voda se za općinu Tešanj prema dosadašnjim saznanjima može ocijeniti kao oskudan i vrlo ograničen. Neprovođenje odgovarajućih mjera zaštite izvorišta i neodgovarajući režim korištenja vode često može rezultirati ireverzibilnim procesom koji za posljedicu ima značajno kvalitativno- kvantitativno reduciranje izvornih karakteristika izvorišta ili pak u drastičnim slučajevima trajni gubitak resursa, odnosno, uvođenje skupih i složenih tehnologija kondicioniranja pitkih voda. U cilju poboljšanja stanja vodosnabdijevanja na teritoriji općine permanentno se vrše aktivnosti usmjerene na obezbjeđenje novih količina vode, smanjenje gubitaka u distributivnoj mreži, redovno održavanje i pogon, te proširenje i poboljšanje sistema. I pored toga se trenutno stanje može ocijeniti kao nezadovoljavajuće. Generalno se može reći da se oblast vodosnabdijevanja pokriva putem:
o javnog vodosnabdijevanja koje je u nadležnosti JP Rad;
o lokanih/ mjesnih i seoskih vodovoda koji su u nadležnosti grupe građana ili predstavnika MZ;
o individualni bunari i izvori za samo jedno ili dva domaćinstva u direktnoj nadležnosti korisnika.
Sektor javnog vodosnabdijevanja pokriva po procjenama oko 42% od ukupnog broja stanovnika i značajan broj privrednih subjekata. U nadležnosti JP Rad Tešanj nalazi se između ostalog i oblast vodosnabdjevanja koje pokriva prostor grada Tešnja, Jelaha i okolnih naselja, a koje se vrši sa:
- Izvorišta Jelah,
- Izvorišta Stupa-Mekiš, i
- Izvorišta Kraševo
Izvorište Jelah se zasniva na bunarskom zahvatu podzemna vode (6 bunara) iz aluviona rijeke Usore na njenoj lijevoj obali. Ukupna izdašnost se procjenjuje na cca 45 l/s u optimumu i zavisi od hidrološke situacije, tako da količina zahvaćene vode pada i do 25 l/s. Sa izvorišta Jelah preko PS €śJelah€ť voda se transportuje potisnim cjevovodom ď† 300 mm do rezervoara €śJevadžije€ť (V = 600 m3), a dalje preko PS €śJevadžije€ť do rezervoara €śKrndija€ť (V = 2x200 m3) i dalje do rasteretne komore €śBukva€ť (V = 80 m3). Za ovo izvorište su određeno zone sanitarne zaštite i u tom smislu je potrebno uvažavati propisana ograničenja koja se odnose na kanalizacioni sistem, tj. zabrane izgradnje transportnih vodova i postrojenja za tretman otpadnih voda. Takođe je iz razloga potencijalnih opasnosti koje mogu ugrožavati kvalitet vode na mjestu zahvata, logično locirati postrojenje za treman otpadnih voda nizvodno od ovog izvorišta. Putem ovog vodovoda se snabdijevaju naselja Bukva, Cerovac, Jelah i Čifluk. (Podaci iz ankete NTC). Višegodišnjih statističkih podataka o količinama isporučene vode sa ovog izvorišta nismo imali na raspolaganju, ali procjena je da se sa ovog izvorišta zahvati 773.878 i 909.762 m3/god (podaci iz Analize gubitaka u mreži za prvih 6 mjeseci i NTC projekta- Anketa). Može se prihvatiti da se na godišnjem nivou količina zahvaćene vode kreće oko 909.762 m3/god, a količina isporučene vode sa ovog izvorišta iznosi 585.282 m3/god. Detaljnom analizom koju su provele stručne službe JP Rad je zaključeno da je gubitak vode na ovom vodovodnom sistemu 34,3%. Na ovom vodovodu je registrirano oko 2900 potrošača od čega je 2692 domaćinstva sa 10.770 stanovnika i 278 ostalih korisnika (Podatak iz PP Tešanj).
Izvorište Stupa-Mekiš se sastoji od dva tirolska zahvata na otvorenom potoku. Ukupna izdašnost varira od 8-22 l/s. Sa izvorišta Stupa-Mekiš voda se transportuje gravitacionim cjevovodom ď† 150 mm do postrojenja za kondicioniranje pitke vode Tešanj i dalje do rezervoara €śTešanj€ť (V = 330 m3). Kvalitet vode sa izvorišta Stupa-Mekiš ne zadovoljava bez tretmana, zbog čestih mutnoća, dok iz preostala dva izvorišta zadovoljava bez tretmana, uz hlorisanje. Količina zahvaćene vode se procjenjuje na 403.730 m3/god, a isporučene 358.852 m3/god što daje gubitke od oko 9,33 % i oni su kao takvi vrlo prihvatljivi. Polugodišnja proizvodnja prema analizi gubitaka na ovom izvorištu iznosi 182.831 m3 što je u skladu sa podacima o godišnjoj proizvodnji vode na nivou 400.000 m3.
Dezinfekcija vode sa izvorišta Jelah vrši se u hlornoj stanici, vode sa izvorišta Stupa-Mekiš na uređaju za kondicioniranje Tešanj, a voda sa izvorišta Kraševo na rezervoaru Kraševo. Kao sredstvo za dezinfekciju koristi se natrijev hipohlorit. Izgradnjom i proširenjem postojećih kapaciteta vodovoda postiglo se da je obuhvaćenost stanovništva organiziranim javnim vodosnabdijevanjem dostiglo oko 19.970 stanovnika od čega na vodovod Tešanj otpada 5.500 stanovnika (naselja Tešanj i Dobro polje), na vodovod Kraševo 950 domaćinstava, odnosno 3.700 stanovnika, a ostatak od 10.770 stanovnika na vodovod Jelah (naselja Bukva, Cerovac, Čifluk i Jelah). Povremene redukcije vode u ljetnim mjesecima i nepostojanje jasne raspodjele potrošnje na kategorije: javna potrošnja, stanovništvo i privreda onemogućavaju pouzdanu procjenu veličine specifične potrošnje stanovništva. Prema anketi rađenoj 2000. godine za potrebe izrade Dugoročnog programa snabdijevanja pitkom vodom stanovništva i privrede na vodnom području slivova rijeke Save u FBiH raspodjela potrošnje zahvaćenih količina vode se kretala u slijedećim odnosima 50% stanovništvo; 4% javna potrošnja; 10% privreda; 6% ostalo i oko 30% gubitaka, pa je to mogući ključ rasporeda potrošnje i danas. Važno je napomenuti da u okviru vodovodnog sistema Jelah, potrebe za vodom u redu veličine 101.000 m3/god pokriva privreda (Anketa NTNC), pa se onda, ukoliko od ukupne količine bruto zahvaćene vode oduzmemo gubitke na godišnjoj bazi u iznosu 312.130 m3/god, te od te količine oduzmemo registriranu potrošnju privrede od 101.000 m3/god (17% od ukupne potrošnje), dobivamo netto količinu potrošene vode od strane stanovnika:
stQgod= 909.762 -101.000 - 312.130 = 496.632 m3/god,
dobivamo neto specifičnu potrošnju od qsp = 496.632 x1000/(365x10.770)
netoqsp =126.3 l/St.dn
Na vodovodnom sistemu Mekiš Stupe nema značajnijih industrijskih potrošača, pa se na bazi količina isporučene vode i gubitaka u sistemu može dobiti prosječna godišnja netto specifična potršnja koja iznosi:
stQgod= 400.000 37.320 = 362.680 m3/god,
dobivamo neto specifičnu potrošnju od qsp = 362.680 x1000/(365x5.500)
netoqsp =180,66 l/St.dn, a u nju je uključena i potrošnja vode javnih institucija koje su dominantno locirane u obuhvatu ovog vodovodnog podsistema (osnovna i srednja škola, bolnica, obdanište, općina, banke i sl.).
Prethodno provedena analiza potrošnje vode koja se zahvata i distribuira potrošačima putem javnih vodovoda ne daje egzaktan pokazatelj i vrijednost specifične potrošnje tim prije, jer se uz sve pretpostavke i procjene valja uvažiti i činjenica da se u određenim periodima, u hidrološki nepovoljnim situacijama dešavaju i redukcije u isporuci vode, pa bi i potrošnja, da je vode bilo na raspolaganju, zasigurno bila veća. Prosječna bruto specifična potrošnja vode na nivou općine iz ova tri vodovoda iznosi oko:
bruto qsr.sp.= 206 l/St.dn
U ovu specičnu potrošnju su uključeni i gubici i potrošnja privrednih potrošača i javna potrošnja. Oko 58% stanovnika općine Tešanj svoje potrebe za vodom rješava putem lokalnih vodovoda ili individualno. Ovakav vid vodosnabdijevanja često predstavlja potencijalno opasnu tačku prilikom pojave i širenja hidričnih bolesti. Snabdijevanje vodom stanovništva koje nije obuhvaćeno javnim vodosnabdijevanjem riješava se ili putem mjesnih/ lokalnih/ seoskih vodovoda ili individualno (samostalno za jedno ili nekoliko domaćinstava). Veličina ovih vodovoda je različita od slučaja do slučaja, a ocjena kvaliteta objekata sistema najčešće se zasniva na procjeni nekog iz pripadajuće mjesne zajednice ko vodi brigu o tome, ali se tu po pravilu ne radi o stručnom licu koje ima dovoljno kompetencija i znanja da se time bavi. Za potrebe općinske administracije je rađen katastar mjesnih vodovoda kao jedne od aktivnosti općinske civilne zaštite. Na prostoru nekih mjesnih zajednica egzistira po nekoliko manjih vodovoda kao posljedica s jedne strane prostorne razvučenosti i disperzije naselja i s druge strane veličine pojedinih mjesnih zajednica, kao i zbog ograničenih kapaciteta i malih raspoloživih količina voda na izvorištima. Tako na prostoru MZ Kalošević funkcionira najmanje 7 mjesnih vodovoda putem kojih se snabdijeva od 26 do 240 domaćinstava. Slična situacija je i u MZ Džemilić Planje u kojoj je registrirano takođe 7 vodovoda nepoznatog kapaciteta i obuhvata, dok je u MZ Jablanica registrirano najviše vodovoda, 9, ali svi imaju kapacitet ispod 1 l/s. Najveći dio podataka je zasnovan na procjeni, a nekih sistematiziranih mjerenja i podataka o izdašnosti koji bi poslužili kao osnova za donošenje odluka, nema. Ono što generalno karakterizira lokalne/mjesne vodovode je nepostojanje evidencije i mjerenja, tako da je i u ovom primjeru taj nedostatak uočen. Najčešći razlog tome je što se naplata utrošene vode ili ne vrši nikako ili vrši paušalno, a ne postoje osobe koje profesionalno obavljaju poslove vezane za upravljanje sistemom, nego se ad hoc organiziraju aktivnosti/ akcije kada se uoči neki nedostatak (pucanje cijevi ili neki drugi kvar, pogoršanje kvaliteta, redukcija i nedostatak vode i sl.). Među lokalnim vodovodima po broju potrošača izdvajaju se vodovodi:
o Raduša (vodovod Bukovac),
o Šije (izvor Ponikve),
o Ljetinić, i
Probleme vezane za kvalitet pitke vode imaju naselja: Piljužići, Raduša, Trepče, Medakovo i Dobropolje, ali vjerovatno i druga naselja, jer se dezinfekcija ne obavlja na kvalitetan i zadovoljavajući način, a sistema kontrole koji bi ukazao na kontaminaciju vode, nema. Drugi problem koji je evidentiran kod gotovo svih korisnika sistema je nedostatak vode u malovodnim periodima i kao posljedica toga pojava redukcija i zastoja u snabdijevanju. Ovaj problem izražen je na vodovodima Kraševo-Lepenica-Mravići, Tešanjka, Kalošević-Mrkotić-Bobare-Drinčići itd. Dvije mjesne zajednice, Miljanovci i Piljužići, pokrenule su aktivnosti na izgradnji vodovoda «Pousorje», a i na području Trepča i Medakova se planira izgradnja vodovoda za koji je urađen i glavni projekat, koji uključuje i izgradnju pet novih rezervoara. Iako ne postoji tačan podatak o broju stanovnika koji se snabdijevaju vodom sa mjesnih vodovoda, prema ovoj evidenciji, procjenjuje se da se radi o oko 4.500 domaćinstava što uz pretpostavku o prosječnom broju članova domaćinstva 3,5 daje broj stanovnika od oko 16.000 koji zajedno sa 20.000 stanovnika koji se snabdijevaju vodom putem javnih vodovoda daje ukupno 36.000 stanovnika koji imaju pitanje vodosnabdijevanja riješeno na neki od ova dva načina. Preostalo stanovništvo se ubraja u grupu koja je pritanje vodosnabdijevanja riješila individualno.
Sistem distribucije: Distribucioni sistem dužine od 25.917 m sastoji se od slijedećih dionica sa pripadajućim tehničkim karakteristikama vodova, kako slijedi:
Lokacija: Općina Gračanica pripada Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine u sastavu je Tuzlanskog kantona. Općina Gračanica prostire se na površini od 219,5 km2, što čini 14,2% teritorija Tuzlanskog kantona ili 0,428% teritorija Bosne i Hercegovine. Teritorij općine Gračanica se prostire između 44° i 45° sjeverne geografske širine. Nalazi se u Regiji Sjeveroistočne BiH. Općina Gračanica graniči sa općinama Lukavac, Doboj, Doboj Istok, Petrovo, Gradačac i Srebrenik.
Ekonomske aktivnosti: Privredu općine Gračanica, prema statističkim podacima iz 2008. godine, čini ukupno 1.170 privrednih subjekata od toga 438 pravnih i 732 fizička lica. Tokom 2008. godine prosječno je bilo zaposleno 8.104 radnika od toga 7.025 radnika u pravnim licima i 1.079 radnka u samostalnim djelatnostima. Mala i srednja preduzeća su nosioci privrednog razvoja. Prema broju uposlenih 338 ili 77% su preduzeća koja zapošljavaju do 10 zaposlenih, 77 ili 17% su preduzeća sa 10 do 50 zaposlenih, a 4 preduzeća upošljavaju preko 200 radnika. To su €žFortuna€ś d.o.o, €žOlimp€ś d.o.o. €žJadrina€śd.o.o. i €žGMT-Prefabrikacija€ś d.o.o. Dakle, na općini egzistira oko 1.000 privrednih subjekata. Uslovno se mogu podijeliti na uslužne i zanatsko proizvodne. Među uslužnim dominiraju trgovina, ugostiteljstvo i prevoz, a od proizvodnih najvažnije su građevinarstvo, drvoprerađivačka industrija, prerada plastike, metalska, obućarstvo i konfekcija, proizvodnja hrane (peradarstvo, stočarstvo, prerada voća, povrća i mesa).
Postojeći sistem i objekti vodopskrbe: Trenutno se sistem na području Gračanice vodom snabdijeva sa prirodnih izvorišta (Vrela, Ilidža i Zmajevac iz Sokola i izvorišta Škahovica, kao i bušenih bunara Sklop, Seljanuša i Hadžijina voda). Nedovoljne količine vode u sistemu za posljedicu imaju redukcije u snabdijevanju kao i problem nemogućnosti širenja zone snabdijevanja vodom na nova naselja.
Sistem distribucije: Kanalizacioni sistem općine Gračanica se sastoji od dva zasebna kolektora, međutim kolektori za odvodnju oborinskih i fekalnih voda nisu odvojeni. Sistem kanalizacije je sa prirodnim padom, nema pumpnih stanica.
Kanalizaciona mreža: Kanalizacioni sistem općine Gračanica se sastoji od dva zasebna kolektora, međutim kolektori za odvodnju oborinskih i fekalnih voda nisu odvojeni. Sistem kanalizacije je sa prirodnim padom, nema pumpnih stanica.
Prečišćavanje otpadne vode i recipient: Glede kanalizacione mreže ne postoji sistem za prečišćavanje , direktni recipijent je rijeka Sokoluša , Spreča i Sliv Save.
Podaci o pod-projektu
Tekući i planirani radovi na izgradnji
Podaci o pod-projektu
Tekući I planirani radovi na izgradnji
Zbog problema nedostajućih količina vode u gotovo svim vodovodnim sistemima, neophodno je izvršiti ulaganja u sljedeće aktivnosti:
-hidrogeološki radovi, bušački radovi, izgradnja objekata za zahvat vode, izgradnja postrojenja za prečišćavanje vode i izgradnja cjevovoda za uvođenje u postojeći sistem
Projektom je predviđeno ulaganje u dogradnju kanalizacionog sistema grada i prigradskih naselja.
GORNJI VAKUF – USKOPLJE
The municipality of Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje is located in the central part of the Southwestern Bosnia & Herzegovina, in the upper course of the river Vrbas, and regionally belongs to the Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation BiH. It is surrounded by mountain massifs, from the east and northeast it is the mountain Vranica, and from the south and southwest mountain Radusa. Apart from Vrbas, there are five more rivers running through the territory of the municipality, namely Bistrička rika, Dobroška rika, Trnovača, Krušćica and Voljišnica. Municipal area spreads over 402.7 km2 (which is 12.7% of the Central Bosnia Canton territory). Municipal altitude ranges from 650 to 2112 meters, with the peak of the mountain Vranica Natkrstac as the highest point.
The climate of Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje is moderate – continental, with extremely cold and long winters and short and warm summers. Within the high altitude areas climate transforms from the moderate - continental to typical mountainous climate, with long lasting snow cover. Geographical position, favourable climate, and large areas of pasture with stated altitudes are all suitable for development of agriculture, especially vegetable farming, livestock and healthy food production, as well as development of winter and mountain tourism. According to the 1991 census, Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje used to have 25,181 inhabitants, settling the 50 settlements, organized in 15 local communities. Unfortunately, some of these settlements are completely abandoned today, and according to the 2013 population census, the municipality is populated with 20,933 inhabitants.
The urban zone of Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje is currently being supplied with water from the springs Crna Vrila and Kruščica using the city reservoir of Zvizde with the volume of V = 2000 m3. Capacity of the reservoir and available water resources do not always allow for regular supply of urban areas. One part of suburbs is being supplied from the municipal public water supply system while the other part has got a separate one. Main problems in the municipal water supply are caused by the outdated and inadequate capacity water supply network. The city network mostly consists of various profiles AC pipes having high level of losses. Distribution network is made of various materials pipelines some of which have been installed only recently. The extensions made on the secondary water supply network have been mainly following local population needs. It is estimated that certain part of the secondary network will be connected to the primary water supply network which is planned for construction in near future.
Along with topographic characteristics of terrain and close vicinity of Vrbas, through several outflow points and integrated segments of existing collectors, main recipient of the previously constructed sewerage system was the river bed of Vrbas itself. Adding the fact that both waste and precipitation waters are being drained into Vrbas through the city sewerage system it can be considered as the one providing for direct and quick drainage of municipal waste and precipitation waters. Considering the overall existing situation it can be concluded that municipal waste waters are not adequately and properly addressed. It should be emphasized that envisaged separation of precipitation and wastewater is necessary for the current state of municipal sewerage system. Following the actual situation and municipal needs, designing of the new city zone storm water and sewerage networks have been initiated including a separate type of sewerage.
Municipal Scheme Data (on-going and planned construction works)
Main purpose of municipal Scheme “Reconstruction of Water Supply System and Sewage System of Urban Part of Municipality Gornji Vakuf – Uskoplje“ primarily reflects in the efforts for improvement of public health situation within the municipality of Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje, quality of surface waters and underground water sources, as well as the environmental quality in general, all through improved water supply and reconstruction of existing network. Existing water and sewage networks have been following needs of the previous planning period, but due to more recent needs, durability of installations (AC and concrete pipes) requires some new infrastructure investments.
The proposed Scheme envisages improvement of services provided to municipal citizens through public utility companies in the field of water supply and waste water collection, reduced negative impact on public health situation, reduced pollution of municipal watercourses, improved quality of watercourses and aquatic conditions of receiving bodies/recipients. Reconstruction of existing water supply network in urban part of the municipality will ensure continuous supply of better quality drinking water without unnecessary losses and easier system maintenance. Reconstruction of existing sewerage network in urban part of the municipality will prevent frequent damages within the system and overflowing of waste waters into public surfaces, which will eliminate risks to human health and environmental pollution and enable easier and more economical maintenance of the system.